CFD Review  
Serving the CFD Community with News, Articles, and Discussion
 
CFD Review

User Preferences
Site Sponsorship
Headline Feeds
Mobile Edition
Privacy Policy
Terms of Service
twitter

Submit a CFD Story

Site Sponsors
CD-adapco
Pointwise: Reliable CFD meshing
ANSYS

Tell a Friend
Help this site to grow by sending a friend an invitation to visit this site.

CFD News by Email
Did you know that you can get today's CFD Review headlines mailed to your inbox? Just log in and select Email Headlines Each Night on your User Preferences page.

 
CFD Powers Fuel Cell Development
Posted Fri October 25, 2002 @01:20PM
Print version Email story Tweet story
Application Since the introduction of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to automotive engineering in the late seventies, this sophisticated technology has developed to become mainstream in almost all areas of vehicle design from aerodynamics to fuel injection. The complex CFD codes developed for these applications are now being applied in the development of fuel cell technology.

In the few years since CFD techniques were first used in fuel cell research, the advances in fuel cell technology have been marked. Nearly all the major automotive manufacturers are developing variants and preparing them for entry into the commercial market. Fuel cell technology is generally regarded as the most promising candidate to replace the internal combustion engine because of its potential for fuel efficiency and cleanliness; hydrogen and oxygen power the cells and they release only water.


Sponsor CFD Review

Fuel cells work through an electrochemical reaction between oxygen and hydrogen to produce electricity, heat and water. CFD allows engineers to simulate the energy, mass and heat transfer processes involved. Using CFD it is possible to develop and optimize the configuration of the fuel cell with respect to energy efficiency, which can help with the crucial water management of the system .

University of South Carolina (USC) is at the forefront of fuel cell research and has several of the major automotive manufacturers as its sponsors. They work in close collaboration with the CD adapco Group, developers of STAR-CD, an advanced CFD code. CD adapco Groupís engineers explain "With the internal combustion engine, methods exist to simulate the flow of multiple reactants. However, in fuel cells you have the extra electrochemical component, for which you need to add a charge conservation equation."

Using STAR-CD, the scientists at the USC in collaboration with engineers at the CD adapco Group have tackled this challenging task successfully. The implementation of a full fuel cell model in STAR-CD is a major achievement, some way ahead of other research centers in this field. "The progress has been tremendous and at this point a large number of fuel cell problems can already be addressed by CFD. CFD is now such a well-established technology that we can tap into existing expertise around the world rather than starting from scratch. This has greatly accelerated recent progress".

Looking into the future, both CD adapco Group and USC believe that fuel cell design will become more and more important to CFD companies. Riaz Sanatian, Automotive Industry Sector Manager of the CD adapco Group says "There are clear signs that fuel cell technology is going to provide a viable, clean and efficient alternative to the traditional IC engine, and CFD should be able to significantly contribute to the acceleration of this transition over the next few years."

For further information, please visit our website or contact us at info@cd.co.uk

Velocity prediction
Velocity field predictions in the fuel cell.

[ Post Comment ]

Fuel Cell Web Presentations Offered | Amtec Announces Tecplot V9.2  >

 

 
CFD Review Login
User name:

Password:

Create an Account

Related Links
  • CD adapco Group
  • University of South Carolina
  • website
  • More on Application
  • Also by nwyman
  • This discussion has been archived. No new comments can be posted.

    Death is nature's way of telling you to slow down. All content except comments
    ©2014, Viable Computing.

    [ home | submit story | search | polls | faq | preferences | privacy | terms of service | rss  ]