By Jacek Smolka and Andrzej J. Nowak, |
Silesian University of Technology,
Electrical transformers transfer current from one circuit to another. Their primary purpose is to reduce the voltage in the electrical energy that is being delivered in order to supply devices at appropriate voltage level.
Transformers normally consist of multiple sets of coils, also known as windings, which wrap around a ferromagnetic core. The coils are responsible for either inducing a magnetic field or assuming a transferred, induced current created by that magnetic field. This process results in high temperatures (hot spots) in the core and coils, which directly influence power losses and durability.