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Events: CD Adapco Offers Fuel Cell Seminar
Posted Wed October 02, 2002 @03:34PM
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CD-adapco The CD adapco Group would like to invite you to attend a free 45 minute seminar on "CFD simulation of PEM fuel cell technology using STAR-CD" at the fuel cells exhibition in Stuttgart, Germany on 14-15 October.

The CD adapco Group has recognised the growing interest in fuel cell technology and the use of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) as a means of developing cleaner and more efficient electric power units for automotive applications. We have been involved in an intensive program of collaborative research and development, with expert partners such as the Fuel Cells Department of the University of South Carolina, with the aim of providing the industry with the best CFD analysis solutions in this area.

( Read Full Article | Events )

Application: CFD Improves Freezer Design
Posted Wed October 02, 2002 @08:05AM
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Application Researchers at the von Karman Institute used computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis to decrease ambient air entrainment in an ice cream freezer by 30 percent, improving the operation of the freezer in hot, humid climates. Previously, the freezer had a problem with frost buildup in these environments. One option for solving the problem was to build and test alternative freezer designs, but the manufacturer ruled that out because of the time and expense involved. Researchers at the von Karman Institute used CFD for this project because it provided a faster method of evaluating multiple designs. Once a CFD model of the problem was created, researchers could quickly change freezer geometry and operating parameters and see how the new design affected airflow and temperature. A series of CFD analyses led to design changes that redirected the flow field to prevent ambient air from entering the freezer compartment.

The von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Rhode-Saint-Genčse, Belgium, is a non-profit international educational and scientific organization, hosting three departments: aeronautics and aerospace, environmental and applied fluid dynamics, and turbomachinery. The institute provides post-graduate education in fluid dynamics and encourages "training in research through research." Created in 1956 following Theodore von Kármán's proposal, it is currently supported with subsidies from most of the member countries of NATO and with additional income derived from contract research. The Environmental and Applied Fluid Dynamics Department, created in 1974, is the youngest department at the Institute. Its activities are related to a wide range of domains such as biological flows, multiphase flows, wind effects on buildings and structures, gas dispersion in the atmosphere, heat transfer, rocket engine fuel supply, for example. Some of the industrial fields in which this department has already been active include: coating processes, continuous casting of steel, pneumatic transport, spray and jet cooling, galvanization of strips and wires, cyclone separators, synthetic fibers, micronization of solid materials, and gas/droplets separation.

( Read Full Article | Application )

Application: CFX Aids Development of Wind Tunnel
Posted Mon September 30, 2002 @05:13AM
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Application Information from Trevor Bender, Aiolos Engineering

Aiolos Engineering saved time and costs in the development of a 100-meter long wind tunnel by using CFX computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software instead of physical testing. Building and testing a scale model was ruled out because it was expensive and required more time than was allotted for the design of the entire facility. By creating a CFD model of the wind tunnel, Aiolos was able to evaluate many design parameters in a fraction of the time required to design and build a model wind tunnel and to implement a test program. Engineers used CFD to evaluate different wall divergence angles and roughness conditions of the test section to meet a key design challenge: to achieve a reasonable trade-off between the axial static pressure and velocity gradients over the full range of train shapes and sizes. "Ideally, both the static pressure and velocity should be constant along the entire length of the test vehicle," says Trevor Bender, aerodynamicist at Aiolos Engineering. "With CFD, we could perform many trade-off studies to find the optimal balance between those two factors."

( Read Full Article | Application )

New Software: CFDStudio/ANSWER V5.5 Released
Posted Fri September 27, 2002 @10:48AM
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News CFDStudio/ANSWER v5.5 is the new release of the well-established ANSWER CFD Software Tool developed by ACRi. The general purpose Navier-Stokes solver, ANSWER, now comes bundled with CFDStudio, the integrated development environment for CFD applications. Among the many new features are:

# Gridless Computing (2D only; 3D under development),

# Dynamic english-language programming for user-specified physics (without FORTRAN or C Programming),

# Multi-physics capability,

# Versatile library of functions for field variables, fluid properties, sources, and initial and boundary conditions,

# Hybrid elements such as hexahedra, prisms, pyramids, tetrahedra, triangles and quads. Any combination of elements are acceptable.

# Adaptive Gridding / Auto Refinement at runtime based on flexible user-specified runtime criteria.

# If-then-else type of conditional statements.

# Expanded and improved library of matrix solvers,

# Computational improvements and enhancements for efficiency and versatility of application.

--- CFDStudio is the new Integrated Development Environment (IDE) developed by ACRi, for use in CFD problem setup, runtime and postprocessing.

In technical terms, CFDStudio is a "wysiwyg" (what you see is what you get) type of development environment for CFD applications. That is, as you are setting up a CFD problem, there is never a blind spot, you can always visualize what type of boundary condition you are specifying, and to what region. Any specification that you have provided can be viewed at a later time.

The entire development environment is built on a "point-and-click" approach, minimizing the guess work. The problem setup (specification of geometry, initial and boundary conditions, sources, sinks, fluid properties, solution and output options etc.), initiation and graphical representation of CFD solution, as well as the postprocessing of the results (including contours, vectors, slices, etc) are all done in the CFDStudio environment, eliminating the need for 3rd party software, and flattening the learning curve even for the most novice CFD software user.

For detailed information, or to request a 30-day free evaluation copy (qualifying professionals only) please visit CFDStudio/ANSWER website at:

( Post Comment | New Software )

New Software: GiD 7 Mesh Generator Released
Posted Mon September 23, 2002 @04:38AM
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Grid Generation Version 7 of the pre and postprocessing program GiD has been released. This software product is widely used to generate meshes for CFD analysis. It supports the following type of mesh elements:
  • Structured/Unstructured triangles/Quads
  • Structured hexas
  • Unstructured tetras
GiD is also a powerful tool for CFD postprocessing

Among others, one of the CFD programs that uses GiD is Tdyn

( Post Comment | New Software )

Visualization: 3D Display Without Special Glasses
Posted Mon September 23, 2002 @03:53AM
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Hardware Philips Research is working on an LCD computer-monitor which can display images in 3D without the encumberance of special glasses.

The display is a heady blend of new technology and another childhood favorite: lenticular imaging. Lenticulars are those colorful cards with finely ridged plastic over a color picture that either have a 3-D look or appear to move as you tilt the card from side to side. Those plastic ridges are actually lenses, and they focus on narrow strips of color that make up the images. Multiple images are interlaced beneath the lenses, so that your eyes build different views as your perspective changes.

Philips' innovation applies a lenticular surface to a high-resolution color LCD. The LCD screen displays tightly interleaved slices of several versions of the scene, giving that same sense of dimensional perspective. The demo at Philips Research is compelling. As you sit before the 17-inch monitor, people and objects seem to come to life. Scenes with well-lit foreground objects and a full range of texture and shadow behind the objects work best.

The other half of the equation is converting everyday 2-D images into 3-D images. Philips engineers developed an algorithm to examine each frame and determine which objects are in the foreground by virtue of their brightness, the sharpness of their edges (focus), and their depth.

( Post Comment | Visualization )

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